- An organic diet. Autumn is the best season to start – add fallen leaves, garden debris, kitchen scraps, and even apples raked from beneath fruit trees to soil.
- Till with worms. 2- to 4-inch-inch thick green and brown compost layers invite worms that dramatically improve soil structure, while depositing power-packed worm manure castings.
- Grow your own soil. Chop over-wintered cover crops directly into spring soils a few weeks before planting.
- Supply what’s missing. For general purposes, purchase a complete organic fertilizer mix from your garden center and use as recommended.
- Pull, cover, smother. Covering garden beds right from the start gives you the jump on garden weeds, while feeding the soil with organic material at the same time.
- Recycle perennials. Chipped yard debris and bits pruned from trees make effective mulch.
- Let soils dry. To tell when your soils are ready to work in the spring, take a handful and squeeze. If water comes out, hold off for a week or so.